ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) IN THE LEGAL PROFESSION
Artificial Intelligence (AI), or “Robot Lawyer” in the legal profession, refers to stimulations of human acumen in machines that are programmed to reason like humans and impersonate human actions. They exhibit traits of human capabilities and abilities.
The machine serves as a robotic assistant that responds to commands. The advent of globalization and the evolution of technology is giving way to new technology. The entire idea of this particular invention is to reduce and manage laborious tasks in diverse industries for enhanced accuracy and speed.
The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the legal structure is still in its embryonic phase however it is being used by several law firms in different countries. Much like its facility, the legalities surrounding AI are also endless. Artificial Intelligence (AI) presents capabilities of doing tasks that are recurring and that do not need much of the human brain and effort and is also time-consuming at the same time. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a catalyst for predictive,s narrow, and specific tasks.
Several fundamental questions are attached to this concept of Artificial intelligence:
What is the legal personality of Artificial Intelligence (AI)?
Who would be responsible if any loss has been incurred due to the negligence of the artificial personality, and what punishment/sanction can be imposed on the same?
Whether an individual can be termed as a “consumer” to avail of the services of Artificial Intelligence?
Current Developments of Artificial Intelligence in the legal profession:
It is warranted that Artificial Intelligence (AI) has many applications in the legal profession; they are as follows:
1. Due Diligence
2. Accurate Research
3. Automatic Creative Processing
4. Electronic Billing
5. Prediction/Outcome of the litigation
6. Better court management
7. Assist in Judicial decision making
8. Cost-effective and time-saving for drafting contractual documents.
9. Lessening the burden of the judiciary by deciding unskilled and similar cases
10. Minimal work that entry-level lawyers do.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) warrants high development due to its capabilities and potential in all sectors. Still, it also warrants strong regulatory laws and rules for its implementation to reconnoiter the maximum benefits of the technology.
However, Artificial Intelligence (AI) can never substitute human brains or minds since the legal profession requires quality and professional work. A pronounced balance is required for the technology for both native needs and better good. We are still not aware of the advantages and drawbacks of the technology, but Elon Musk describes it as a bigger threat than nuclear weapons to humankind.