ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) AND THE LEGAL PROFESSION:
Artificial Intelligence (AI) or “Robot Lawyer” in the legal profession refers to stimulations oh human acumen in machines that are programmed to reason like humans and impersonate human actions. They exhibit traits of human
capabilities and abilities. The machine serves as a robotic assistance that responds as per the commands. The advent of globalization and the evolution of technology is giving way to a new technology. The entire idea of this particular
invention is to reduce and manage laborious tasks in diverse industries for enhanced accuracy and speed. Much
The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the legal structure is still in its embryonic phase however it is being used by several law firms in different countries. Much like its facility, the legalities surrounding AI is also endless. Artificial Intelligence (AI) presents capabilities of doing tasks that are recurring and that do not need much of human brain and efforts and is also time consuming at the same time.The Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a catalyst to predictive,s narrow and specific tasks.
Several fundamental questions are attached with this concept of Artificial intelligence:
Question: What is the legal personality of Artificial Intelligence (AI)?
Question: Who would be responsible if any loss has been incurred due to the negligence of the artificial personality and what punishment/sanction can be imposed on the same?
Question: Whether an individual can be termed as a “consumer” to avail the services of the Artificial Intelligence?
Current Developments of Artificial Intelligence in legal profession:
It is warranted that Artificial Intelligence (AI) has many applications in legal profession, they are as follows:
1. Due Diligence
2. Accurate Research
3. Automatic Creative Processing
4. Electronic Billing
5. Prediction/Outcome of the litigation
6. Better court management
7. Assist in Judicial decision making
8. Cost effective and time saving for drafting contractual documents.
9. Lessening the burden of judiciary by deciding unskilled and similar cases
10. Minimal work that entry level lawyers do.
Some of the companies, firms, corporations all over the world that have developed the robot lawyers are, DoNotPay, Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas, IMB, Linklaters etcetera.
The Artificial Intelligence (AI) warrants high development due to its capabilities and potential in all the sectors but it also warrants strong regulatory laws and rules for its implementation to reconnoiter the maximum benefits of the
technology. However, Artificial Intelligence (AI) can never substitute human brains or mind since the legal profession requires quality and professional work. A pronounced balance is required for the technology for both native needs and better good. We are still not aware about the advantages and drawbacks of the technology but Elon Musk describes it as a bigger threat than nuclear weapons to the human kind.